Copyright law, as defined in Title 17 of the United States Code, protects "original works of authorship fixed in a tangible medium of expression" for a limited period. Copyright protection includes, for instance, the legal right to publish and sell literary, artistic, or musical work, and copyright protects authors, publishers and producers, and the public. Copyright applies both to traditional media (books, records, etc.) and to digital media (electronic journals, web sites, etc.).
Fair use is a concept embedded in U.S. law that recognizes that certain uses of copyright-protected works do not require permission from the copyright holder.
ALL FOUR of the following factors are used to determine if a use is fair:
* Not all uses in an academic context are automatically considered fair use. All other requirements must be satisfied.
Downloaded with permission from the Copyright Clearance Center
Not all images found on the web can be re-used under the Fair Use guidelines. You can find fair use images by searching the Google Image Search Advanced page and selecting the free options on the bottom pull-down.
Copyright Slider Tool to determine is a work is still protected by copyright.
Fair Use Analysis Tool to determine if a use is fair.
Fair Use Evaluator to collect, organize, and document the information needed to support a fair use claim, and provides a time-stamped PDF document for the users records.
WhoIsHostingThis.com is a free tool that describes web hosting issues. It allows anyone to see who hosts a particular website; helpful for investigating copyright infringement.
The Library thanks Ingrid Redman, Web Librarian at the Bern Dibner Library of Science and Technology at the Polytechnic Institute of NYU, for graciously allowing us to borrow from her web pages.