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Research Methods (CJ-295-03): Cite Your Sources

Guide to assist in creating an annotated bibliography. Find a topic to research. Find articles and books and paste into a Word Document, or use the Zotero Citing Tool.

Citations: How and Why?

Citations are used to refer to original materials when ideas or quotes are included.

In-text references show the source identifier, and the associated Bibliography citations provide the complete information about the cited materials. There are various styles and formats used depending upon discipline standards, but they all serve the same purpose.  Below are the main styles used in the academic community.

Many of our databases provide Cites for individual articles on the far right column of the complete item record (found by clicking on the title of your result records). Alternatively, the Zotero software can embed in-text references and bibliographies into your papers...after you have captured documents into your personal library.

When To Cite vs Plagiarism

For an overview about when to use citations to credit others for their work ... versus plagiarizing ... see our page on Plagiarism.

Writing Styles

Subject-specific writing guidelines are found at OWL: Subject-Specific Resources.

Find Various Citation Options

Most of our search databases can provide various citation styles for individual articles:

  • Perform a search in the database.
  • Click on the title of an article, then select Cites on the far right side column.
  • This will display citations in many formats/styles, which you can copy and paste.

Citation Builders

Knowledge Management Tools

For additional information about tools to help you capture citations, text, data, and other media see our Citation and Document Management page.

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